Audible Cues

Goalball and Beep Baseball are popular competitive sports for those who are blind or visually impaired. There are local, state, national and international leagues associated with both games. There is even a world series for beep baseball!

These two sports offer excellent competitive, team-based venues for athletic competition for people who are blind or visually paired. In addition, people of all ages, ability, and level of sight can play together with minor modifications such as the use of blindfolds or night shades.

Goalball

The object of this team sport is to roll a goal ball across the opponents’ goal line. Players attempt to stop the rolled ball. When successful, they quickly return it toward the opposition. Each player has a specific area to cover, moving during play only when attempting to block the ball. Line marking should be used to identify positions.

Equipment & Court

A goalball, which emits an auditory cue via a bell inside the ball, is used

All players, regardless of level of vision, must wear eye shades

Hip, elbow, and knee pads are recommended

Court is 60 feet in length, 30 feet in width, divided into specific areas

General Rules

Three players –- right wing, left wing, center — per side on opposite ends of the court

Players can only use their hands to move the ball

A player can only throw two consecutive times, with passing occurring within the team after two throws

Once the team has gotten control of the ball, they have eight seconds to return the throw

Balls going out-of-bounds are considered turnovers so they are awarded to the other team

A player leaving the team area results in a turnover

All balls must be rolled, contacting the ground at least once before crossing the overthrow line

Official length of the game is two seven-minute halves

Skills Specific to Goal Ball

Throwing:

A throw is used to attempt a score by rolling the ball over the opponent’s goal line. A throw is similar to the delivery of a bowling ball.

Blocking:

A block is used to stop the ball from going over the goal line. This consists of a side-line position on the floor with arms extended, legs together, and the face protected.

Passing:

A pass is a roll from teammate to teammate. The key is for the teammate to hear the ball but not the opponent.

Goal ball can easily be modified to meet the needs of all participants. An official goalball, which weighs approximately three pounds and is made out of a hard rubber, might not be appropriate for everyone. Use a lighter ball such as a beach ball with sand inside. Play from a seated or kneeling position, instead of a standing position. Increase the number of players on each side or decrease the size of the playing court.

Beep Baseball

The object of the game is similar to traditional softball or baseball, only with several modifications. The batter must reach a buzzing base before a fielder has possession of the ball.

A team is made up of six people who are blind or visually impaired, and two sighted individuals who serve as pitcher and catcher on offense and spotters on defense.

A base is activated when the ball is hit. If the runner reaches the base before a defender successfully picks up and gets control of the ball (fields), a run is scored. Otherwise it is an out.

Equipment and Field

A beep baseball, which emits an auditory cue, is used

A set of beep baseball bases

Softball gloves are encouraged for fielding

Regular softball bats are used for striking

General Rules

Games consist of six innings

Those who have light perception or better levels of vision must wear night shades

Spotters are allowed to vocally assist players by helping them into defensive positions and calling the name of the person who is in the best position to field a ball when it is struck

Pitchers are allowed to give two verbal alerts which can be heard by batter and defense –- “ready” when about to pitch the ball and “pitch” when the ball is released

A team scores when the runner makes it to the base before the ball is fielded

Each team is allowed three outs per bat

Outs consist of five pitches with no fair balls with foul balls considered strikes of a hit ball fielded by defensive player before runner reaches the designated base

Skills Specific to Beep Baseball

Fielding:

This skill is similar to fielding in softball or baseball. Players use a glove. Securing the ball in the glove is considered a successful field. Throwing to bases for an out is not part of the game.

Striking:

Page 1 of 2 | Next page

Related posts:

  1. Senior Sluggers
  2. Success and Failure
  3. DreamCatcher Park
  4. The Boys Of Summer
  5. Multi-Tasking Fields
  • Columns
  • Departments