Color Me Happy

Bisque ceramics are like the bare canvas of the pottery world. They are often white in appearance and “naked,” without a glaze or finish. In fact, that’s the whole point–campers can start with a basic figurine and decorate it any way they choose with paint, before applying a glaze finish. The following techniques are perfect for camp arts and crafts programs in working with bisque ceramics.

Painting Techniques

Antiquing

After applying acrylic paint to ceramic bisque item, dab a dark coat of antique gel and distribute it equally with a brush, wiping off the excess with a cloth. The antiquing process will cover any gaps missed when painting, and will fill in some of the crevasses in the project, giving the item a more finished look. After the antiquing process, spray the ceramic piece with a ceramic sealant.

(Picture #1)

Dry Brushing

Once the acrylic paint has dried on a bisque item, use a dry brush over the details to give the piece a softer look. The dry-brush technique entails using paint that is still left in a brush that is dry to the touch. This technique provides a soft highlight of color to an already-painted project. After dry brushing, spray the ceramic piece with a ceramic sealant.

(Picture #2)

Chalking

As an alternative to painting the bisque item with acrylic paint, apply colored chalk to the project, and spray with a ceramic sealant to keep the chalk from smearing.

(Picture #3)

Crackling

This technique will crack the topcoat of the acrylic paint on the bisque item to make the paint look old. To start, apply a dark color of acrylic paint to the item, like a ceramic buffalo skull or vase. The paint should be dry before adding the crackle gel. Allow the gel to dry long enough to be tacky before adding a topcoat of a light-colored acrylic paint. Thin out the paint for the topcoat with a couple drops of water, and apply in one direction.

(Picture #4)

Marble Vase

Pour white acrylic paint with a sheen finish into a round pool on a square piece of aluminum foil. Pick out two other colors that will form a contrast when marbled together. Pour these two contrasting colors on opposite sides of the aluminum-foil square next to the pool of white paint. With a small stick, run two zigzag patterns through the paints, one going vertically and the other horizontally. Next, roll the vase in the paints. Turn the finished product upside down to dry on a pencil stuck in a brick of Styrofoam.

(Picture #5)

Smoked Marble Vase

With adult supervision, children can apply two thin coats of acrylic paint to the bisque vase and spray it with a porcelain sealant. Place a candle on the table, as a second person holds the vase and rotates it above the candle. The first person takes a stainless-steel knife and divides the flame, causing smoke to adhere to the vase. After the marbling is complete, spray the vase twice with the porcelain sealant.

(Picture #6)

Glazing Techniques

Underglazes

Using bisque ceramic tiles, paint a picture with underglazes, which allows campers to paint multiple colors on the tiles more easily than when using regular glazes. Then fire the tiles in a tile setter at a 06-firing cone.

(Picture #7)

Bubble Glazing

Under adult supervision, children can apply three coats of a light-colored, nontoxic glaze to a bisque vase. Mix four teaspoons of underglaze, three teaspoons of water and several drops of non-degreaser dish soap. Blow through a straw into this mixture, forming bubbles around the vase. The bubbles should pop on their own so that the glaze doesn’t smear on the vase. Once the vase is covered with bubbles, mix another glaze with water and dish soap for a contrasting color. After the vase has a second coat of bubbles, fire the vase at a 06-firing cone.

(Picture #8)

Marble Glaze Vase

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